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Labour Migrants Experience and Change in Aspiration : The Case of Nepalese Labour Migrants Returnees from South Korea

SHRESTHA HYSOP (Graduate School of International Studies))

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초록/요약moremore
Migration is well-known traditional phenomenon and has experienced an increasing rate globally. There are diverse purposes for migration, such as to search for a job opportunity, for security, trade, to obtain a higher education and many others. This research paper clearly highlights migration and i...
Migration is well-known traditional phenomenon and has experienced an increasing rate globally. There are diverse purposes for migration, such as to search for a job opportunity, for security, trade, to obtain a higher education and many others. This research paper clearly highlights migration and its implication for the future career aspirations of Nepalese migrant workers. Several factors impede migrant workers' change in aspirations, such as their experience. Furthermore, research in this paper is focused on several changes of return migrants and their perception, behavior, knowledge, skill and other aspects based on their experience. The different demographic factors were analyzed based on their ages, ethnicity, gender, religion, geographic location, etc. Socioeconomic factors have been studied as one of the major factors that affect migration. The factors that lead people to migrate, either voluntarily or involuntarily, permanently or temporarily, are commonly referred to as the ‘drivers’ of migration. Evidence-based drivers of migration can be economic, demographic, environmental, social, and/or political. This paper applied 162 samples from return migrant workers under the EPS system from different areas of Nepal. The respondents completed 47 questions measuring different parameters that affected migration experience and change in aspirations. Questionnaires were open and closed end types with various measurement scales. This study used descriptive statistics to measure the characteristics of the participants. Several analyses were used statically by presenting on tables with percentile and frequencies. SPSS was the major tool used for data analyses. According to the findings, return migrants’ socioeconomic status seems to show a positive change after migration. Changes were found in aspirations in the pre and post-migration period of the returnees and that, according to the respondents’ answers, there was a significant role of location and colleagues in changing the aspiration of the migrants. There were enormous changes of returnees in their behavior, perception, knowledge and skills after migration.
목차moremore
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Objectives of the Study 4
...
INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Objectives of the Study 4
1.2.1 Major Objective 4
1.2.2 General Objectives 4
1.3 Research Questions 4
1.4 Significance of the Study 5
1.5 Limitation of the Study 5
1.6 Definition of Terminologies 6
1.6.1 Labor Migrants 6
1.6.2 Experience 7
1.6.3 Aspiration 7
1.6.4 Return Migrants 7
LITERATURE REVIEW 9
2.1 Labor Migration History of Nepal 9
2.2 Employment Permit System (EPS) 11
2.2.1 Labor Migration from Nepal to Korea 14
2.3 Migration and Change in Demographic and Socioeconomic Status 16
2.4 Migration and Change in Aspiration 17
2.4.1 Social Networks and Location Influence in Aspiration at Migration Stage 20
2.5 Migration and Change in Knowledge, Skills and Behavior 21
2.6 Conceptual Framework 22
METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY 25
3.1 Research Design 25
3.2 Population of the Study 25
3.3 Sampling Procedure and Sample 26
3.4 Tools of Data Collection 26
3.5 Validations of the Tools 26
3.6 Data Collection Procedure 26
3.7 Techniques of Data Analysis and Interpretations 27
ANALYSIS, RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 29
4.1 Demographics, Socioeconomic Status and Changes 29
4.1.1 Demographics 29
4.1.2 Geographical Distributions of the Respondents in Home Country 33
4.1.3 Socioeconomic Status 36
4.2 Change in Demographic and Socioeconomic Status of the Respondents Before and After Migration 39
4.2.1 Marital Status 39
4.2.2 Types of Family 39
4.2.3 Internal Migration 40
4.3 Perception of the Respondents on Change in their Socioeconomic Status before and after Migration 42
4.3.1 Attention of Relatives and Friends 42
4.3.2 Economic Status 44
4.3.3 Socio political Participation 45
4.4 Aspiration of the Respondents in Different Phases of Migration and Changes in Aspiration 46
4.4.1 Processing Time 46
4.4.2 Inspirations for Respondents' Migration to Korea 47
4.3.3 High Salary is the Major Attraction to move Korea 47
4.4.4 Migrant's Aspiration in Different Phases of Migration and Changes 49
4.4.5 Time Spent by the Respondents in Korea 55
4.4.6 Types of Job in Korea 56
4.4.7 Change at Workplace and Reason for Change 56
4.4.8 Income in Korea 58
4.4.9 Expenditure of Remitted Money in Home Country 58
4.5 Returned Migrants' Perception of Influencer of Aspiration 59
4.5.1 Location 60
4.5.2 Colleagues 62
4.5.3 Organization 63
4.6 Change in Behavior and Knowledge 67
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 69
5.1 Conclusion 69
5.2 Recommendations 72
5.3 Further Research Recommendations 73
REFRENCE 74
QUESTIONNARE 84